Melasma is a sun-related skin condition that is characterized by the development of brown patches on the face and body. Melasma can develop in any skin color, but it is most common in people of Fitzpatrick skin type III or IV.
The most common causes of melasma are exposure to the sun and hormonal changes, such as pregnancy or menopause. You can also look for a melasma specialist online by searching the query “melasma specialist near me” or can browse this site.
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There are several treatment options for melasma, including topical creams, light therapy, and surgery. Some people find that using a sun protection product (SPF 50 or greater) and wearing a broad-spectrum sunscreen daily helps reduce their chances of developing melasma. However, no matter what the cause, melasma will always require ongoing treatment to maintain good results.
There are many types of melasma, which means there is a variety of treatment options. For mild cases, topical treatments such as creams or patches may be successful. However, for more serious cases, surgery may be necessary.
Topical melasma therapies use creams, patches, or light therapy to reduce the appearance of melasma. Creams are the most common type of topical melasma therapy and are available over-the-counter (OTC). They work by reducing the amount of sunlight that reaches the skin.